Zadok Basics

Calendar 101

Enoch 72:32-33
32 On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-FOUR. 33. And the length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night arise–through the course of the sun these distinctions are made.

The Year

  • Begins on the 4th day of the week corresponding with the creation of the luminaries in Genesis 1:14 (which are the basis of all calendars)
  • There are 12 months containing 30 days. 12×30 = 360
  • There are 4 additional intercalary days marking the seasons at the ends of the 3rd, 6th ,9th, and 12th months. 360+4=364

With this calendar the year always contains precisely 364 days. Each year consists of twelve months of thirty days each, plus four additional days, one of which is intercalated at the end of each three-month period. Thus the first and second months are 30 days long, while the third month totals 31 days; then the pattern repeats. New Year’s Day and the first day of each three-month period always fall on a Wednesday.

364 day calendarWednesday is the day mandated as the first day by the creation order, since the heavenly lights – sun, moon and stars, the basis of any calendar – were created on the fourth day (Gen. 1:14-19).

Consistency and Order

  • Fixed dates for the major festivals cannot fall on a Sabbath, keeping them separate and distinct, thereby avoiding worrisome difficulties affecting sacrifices.
  • A particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.

The great advantage of the Zadok calendar over its lunisolar rival is that it results in fixed dates for the major festivals.
They cannot fall on a Sabbath, thereby avoiding worrisome difficulties affecting sacrifices. In fact, this calendar guarantees that a particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.
Since the solar calendar totaled 364 days to the year and the lunisolar calendar alternated months of 29 and 30 days, the lunisolar calendar would ‘fall behind’ by ten days per year, which is exactly what Jubilees warns us about. After three years, the lunisolar calendar required intercalation with an additional 29 or 30 days, bringing the two versions once again into harmony (364 X 3 = 354 X 3 + 30). Without the intercalation of the lunisolar calendar, the Feasts would not be observed in their seasons as commanded by Yah. This is not a problem with the Zadok calendar since it is based upon the vernal equinox.

Jubilees 6:34-38
And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the Months, and Seasons, and Sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. For there will be those who will assuredly “MAKE OBSERVATIONS OF THE MOON −how (it) DISTURBS THE SEASONS and comes in from year to year TEN DAYS TOO SOON.
For this reason the years will come upon them when they will Disturb (the order), and make an Abominable (Day) the Day of Testimony, and an Unclean Day a Feast Day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for THEY WILL GO WRONG AS TO THE MONTHS AND SABBATHS AND FEASTS AND JUBILEES. For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that THEY WILL NOT MAKE THE YEAR THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTY−FOUR DAYS ONLY, and for this reason they will go Wrong as to the Months and Seasons and Sabbaths and Festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.

Basic Calendar format

Below is a basic Zadok Calendar outline.  Once established the pattern never changes.

As mentioned above the feast days are always on the same day of the year, and even the same day of the week.  This pattern makes determining the Feast days very simple..

Zadok Basic Calendar

Names of the Months

In Scripture the months are rarely referred to by name. For instance rather than saying “in the month of Bul“, the authors would say “in the eighth month“. Nevertheless there are times that they do in fact call them by name. The reason for this is not entirely clear. However, there is a theory that I believe may help us unlock some of the calendar mystery.  The theory is that when the full moon landed on the Chodesh or the beginning of the month, the month was called by a name rather than its number.  This actually corresponds with many ancient civilizations and even the Native American Indians. In fact we still call full moons by name today.  We have the “Wolf Moon”, “Strawberry Moon”, “Harvest Moon” etc. all of these moons fall within a given time of the year thus we can see how keeping track of the lunar patterns may have been important to those in Qumran.

Above I have compiled a list of the ancient names that were often applied to the months and their meanings along with scripture reference where they can be found in the cannon.  As you can see the ancient names correspond to the season in which they occur unlike the post exile names that were later applied after the Jews returned from Babylon.

This takes us to John 10:22-23

John 10:22-23 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.

This is a verse that many in the messianic movement use to justify participating in Hanukkah because it says that Yashua was at the dedication which is essentially what the word Hanukkah means, and it goes on to say that it was “winter”. However, lets look into the Greek for a moment.

The word translated “dedication’ is Strong’s 1456. ἐγκαίνια enkainia which simply means “renewal“.

The word used for “winter” is Strong’s 5494. χειμών cheimon which means “a storm (as pouring rain); by implication, the rainy season” it can also mean winter or tempest but the main meaning is just stormy.

So giving this information above, could it be that rather than Yeshua keeping the paganized “Festival of Lights” or what many know as Hanukkah, or could He have simply been at the temple walking around Solomon’s Porch on the “renewal” of the 7th month during the raining season as the name of the 7th month ˀAytanīym (Perpetual streams) implies? According to the Torah, the beginning of the 7th Month was the Feast of Trumpets or Yom Teruah, followed closely by Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement. It makes far more sense that Yeshua would have been at the temple during this time of the year rather than during the winter when there is literally nothing going on in the temple or on Yah’s biblical calendar.

Biblical Feasts

Passover – 14th of the 1st month

Unleavened Bread – 15th – 21st of the 1st month

First Fruits of Barley – 26th of the 1st month

Shavuot (First Fruits of Wheat) – 15th of the 3rd month

First Fruits of New Wine – 3rd of the 5th month

First fruits of New Oil – 22nd of the 6th month

Wood Offering – 22nd – 27th of the 6th month

Trumpets – 1st of the 7th month

Atonement – 10th of the 7th month

Tabernacles – 15th – 21st of the 7th month

The 8th Day – 22nd of the 7th month

Details regarding the First Fruits of New Wine and Oil along with the offering of wood are not readily found in the Torah that we have in our modern cannon.  However, they are mentioned as tithes in Numbers 18:12, Deuteronomy 12:17, 14:23, 18:4, 2 Chronicles 2:15, 31:5 & Nehemiah 10:37, 10:39, 13:5.  The wood offering is also mentioned in Nehemiah 10:34 & 13:31. So it is clear to see that they had an established method or means of bringing these particular tithes and offerings in their respective seasons.

These offering along with the Biblically mandated feasts are further laid out for us in the Temple Scroll found in the Qumran documents.

10 thoughts on “Zadok Basics

  1. This is amazing! Coming to a new level of understanding in Yeshua.
    I have a question; is a day still observed at sundown? Is the day of the feast as an example the 1st of the second month Observed the evening before or in the evening of this day?
    Thank you so much. This is a shift in my mind but believe that YHVH is leading me in all truth.
    Shalom, Soraya

    Like

    1. As our current understanding of scripture stands and as I have laid out on our page “When the Day Begins” we firmly believe that it is reckoned from morning to morning.
      https://torahislight.org/when-the-day-begins/

      How the Chodeshim or the beginning of the months are observed is largely unknown. However I would assume they would follow the same theme as the rest of the feasts in that they would sacrifice and feast. It is likely that only the first month received this honor.
      The example in 1Sam ch 20 may hold some clues but why they kept it for 3 days in that event is still unknown.

      Like

  2. Angie

    Hello. Thank you so much for sharing this knowledge. Can you explain why there are 3 days between vernal equinox and the 1st of Abib? I understand from my studies that they are intercalary days and are needed so that the first of the month lands on the 4th day of the week. But I am confused because I thought there were only 1 intercalary day at the end of each season. I did learn that every so many years more intercalary days are added to keep everything in order. But how and when is that determined? Where in scriptures does it explain these extra days? I know this is a lot to ask. I’ve been seeking guidance in this matter and for some reason have either been shot down or ignored. I want to figure this out and confirm it before Pesach begins. Thank you again for sharing this knowledge!!

    Like

    1. Angie,
      I wish it was a simple answer. The problem is that the 364 day Zadok calendar and the 365.24 solar year on the surface do not appear to mesh. In reality the solar equinox drifts by approximately 6 hours each year. So if you were to witness the equinox at noon this year, in 2 years time the equinox would happen at midnight from your location. So obviously measuring or witnessing the equinNOX is an impossibility for over half of the worlds population on any given year. For this reason alone I have come to believe that the event that we should be looking for is the equiLUX or equal day/night as mentioned in Enoch. The issue with that is the timing of the equiLUX varies depending on your latitude. The fact that these events are both either impossible to witness or vary depending on location prove that the sun is NOT the key to the start of the year but a simple witness.

      The days between the beginning of the year and the vernal equinox are not considered intercalary days as the 364th day 3/23 will not have happened at that point. In our studies and research we have found many alignments and other anomalies that seem to form a pretty solid pattern. One thing that really stood out to me is that if we stick to Enoch’s description of they lunar cycle he stated that in the 3rd and 4th gate the moon sets with the sun. I have found that this is in fact true. Generally on either side of the equiLUX (equal day/night) the moon does in fact set within 3 degrees of the sun, in both the full and new moon phases. Sometimes it happens after the equilux. What is important to note is that it happens once in the 3rd gate and once in the 4th gate. So if the timing of these events is important in determining the start of the year.
      What we found that last year was that the 364 day year ended 2 days before the equinox on 3/18, but the lunar alignments mentioned in Enoch had not happened yet indication that the sun had not transitioned between gates. This caused an intercalation period of one week bringing the new year to 3/24. Interesting to note is that 3/24 is also the first day that moon set with the sun. The second would occur on 4/7 so using the sun and the moon as witnesses we were able to keep everything in alignment, so much so that the summer solstice and the fall equinox both landed within 2 days of their respective days of remembrance properly marking the seasons. This year the moon/sun set dates will occur on 3/13 and 3/28 bridging the solar equinox and equilux verifying what we believe to be the witness spoken of in scripture and in Enoch.

      Honestly at the end of the day, this is just our best guess at how the calendar functions. I have posted several pages worth of information and have made available all the carts and data that I have compiled over the years for anyone to review. I would encourage you to test it for yourself. By observing the alignments and how things have fallen into place, I believe that we are as close as we have ever been to the truth. Yet it seems that we are still missing a piece of the puzzle.

      At the end of the day, I fully believe that Yah’s calendar is not governed by just the sun, or just the moon. It is seemingly set askew to cause us to look to Him rather than the hosts of the heavens. Deut 4:19

      Like

  3. Ken

    Wow, this is one amazing ride trying to understand these calendars. Two questions which I really want to understand and if there is any significance to these relating to the calendar.

    1. In 2 Chronicles 8v13 it talks about the sabbaths, feast etc. It also mentions New Moon days. What are these New Moon days and why are they mentioned and what, if any part, do they play in the calendar?

    2. In Joshua 6v15 they go against Jericho for 7 days. Why were they allowed to make war on the 7th day?

    Thank you

    Like

    1. Really glad you found the information helpful. I will attempt to answer your questions as best that I can.

      In regards to “new moon” days as mentioned in several translations I would start by saying the term “new moon” yârêach châdâsh is never found in the Hebrew manuscripts. However the word chôdesh is often used and has been translated as such in many of our modern translations. I truly believe it has been translated as new moon because of the Jewish rabbinical traditions of lunar observation.
      The chôdesh mentioned in scripture and pertaining to the priestly calendar would be the beginning of the months, especially the three that are accompanied by a day of remembrance as they are of particular importance.
      If you read through the Dead Sea Scrolls you will see that they do in fact mark the days of both the new and full moons, however those events do not play any significant part in the calendar in general. The fact that it has been translated that way has led to a lot of confusion and I believe intentional misdirection.

      Regarding Joshua 6:15 and the siege of Jericho. It’s not clear in the text as to what day they started the march or what day the walls fell. It simply mentions the Hebrew word shebı̂y‛ı̂y which literally means 7 or 7th as in a counting term. It doesn’t necessarily mean that it was the 7th day of the week or the sabbath.
      Nevertheless, as odd as it seems there is no prohibition given in Torah about going to war on Shabbat. Just that we are not to perform servile work. It also seems odd that Yah would command the slaughter of an entire town on the sabbath, which would result in the majority of the camp to become ceremonially unclean. For that reason alone I would question it happening on a sabbath. But I cannot prove it either way.
      Although the text is not conclusive we must examine the character of Yah and how He does things to gain a deeper understanding. Every time He caused the camp to move it happened after a sabbath and they would settle and pitch camp before the sabbath; He never had them traveling in a Sabbath. When the manna fell, it fell on the weekdays, never on a sabbath. If He commands us to keep it holy you can bet He will as well and to an even higher extent. There are numerous examples of this through the canonized text, and honestly I don’t know of any other example of the Israelites going to war on Shabbat other than the example given in Maccabees, but that was in defense of life not an offensive move.
      To keep it short I don’t know if it was on Shabbat or not. If it was there must be a very significant reason that isn’t clear.
      Hope that helps.
      Shalom!

      Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply to R. Lorin Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s