Zadok Basics

Calendar 101

Enoch 72:32-33
32 On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-FOUR. 33. And the length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night arise–through the course of the sun these distinctions are made.

The Year

  • Begins on the 4th day of the week corresponding with the creation of the luminaries in Genesis 1:14 (which are the basis of all calendars)
  • There are 12 months containing 30 days. 12×30 = 360
  • There are 4 additional intercalary days marking the seasons at the ends of the 3rd, 6th ,9th, and 12th months. 360+4=364

With this calendar the year always contains precisely 364 days. Each year consists of twelve months of thirty days each, plus four additional days, one of which is intercalated at the end of each three-month period. Thus the first and second months are 30 days long, while the third month totals 31 days; then the pattern repeats. New Year’s Day and the first day of each three-month period always fall on a Wednesday.

364 day calendar

Wednesday is the day mandated as the first day by the creation order, since the heavenly lights – sun, moon and stars, the basis of any calendar – were created on the fourth day (Gen. 1:14-19).

Consistency and Order

  • Fixed dates for the major festivals cannot fall on a Sabbath, keeping them separate and distinct, thereby avoiding worrisome difficulties affecting sacrifices.
  • A particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.

The great advantage of the Zadok calendar over its lunisolar rival is that it results in fixed dates for the major festivals.
They cannot fall on a Sabbath, thereby avoiding worrisome difficulties affecting sacrifices. In fact, this calendar guarantees that a particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.
Since the solar calendar totaled 364 days to the year and the lunisolar calendar alternated months of 29 and 30 days, the lunisolar calendar would ‘fall behind’ by ten days per year, which is exactly what Jubilees warns us about. After three years, the lunisolar calendar required intercalation with an additional 29 or 30 days, bringing the two versions once again into harmony (364 X 3 = 354 X 3 + 30). Without the intercalation of the lunisolar calendar, the Feasts would not be observed in their seasons as commanded by Yah. This is not a problem with the Zadok calendar since it is based upon the vernal equinox.

Jubilees 6:34-38
And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the Months, and Seasons, and Sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. For there will be those who will assuredly “MAKE OBSERVATIONS OF THE MOON −how (it) DISTURBS THE SEASONS and comes in from year to year TEN DAYS TOO SOON.
For this reason the years will come upon them when they will Disturb (the order), and make an Abominable (Day) the Day of Testimony, and an Unclean Day a Feast Day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for THEY WILL GO WRONG AS TO THE MONTHS AND SABBATHS AND FEASTS AND JUBILEES. For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that THEY WILL NOT MAKE THE YEAR THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTY−FOUR DAYS ONLY, and for this reason they will go Wrong as to the Months and Seasons and Sabbaths and Festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.

Basic Calendar format

Below is a basic Zadok Calendar outline.  Once established the pattern never changes.

As mentioned above the feast days are always on the same day of the year, and even the same day of the week.  This pattern makes determining the Feast days very simple..

Zadok Basic Calendar
Names of the Months

In Scripture the months are rarely referred to by name. For instance rather than saying “in the month of Bul“, the authors would say “in the eighth month“. Nevertheless there are times that they do in fact call them by name. The reason for this is not entirely clear. However, there is a theory that I believe may help us unlock some of the calendar mystery.  The theory is that when the full moon landed on the Chodesh or the beginning of the month, the month was called by a name rather than its number.  This actually corresponds with many ancient civilizations and even the Native American Indians. In fact we still call full moons by name today.  We have the “Wolf Moon”, “Strawberry Moon”, “Harvest Moon” etc. all of these moons fall within a given time of the year thus we can see how keeping track of the lunar patterns may have been important to those in Qumran.

Above I have compiled a list of the ancient names that were often applied to the months and their meanings along with scripture reference where they can be found in the cannon.  As you can see the ancient names correspond to the season in which they occur unlike the post exile names that were later applied after the Jews returned from Babylon.

This takes us to John 10:22-23

John 10:22-23 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.

This is a verse that many in the messianic movement use to justify participating in Hanukkah because it says that Yashua was at the dedication which is essentially what the word Hanukkah means, and it goes on to say that it was “winter”. However, lets look into the Greek for a moment.

The word translated “dedication’ is Strong’s 1456. ἐγκαίνια enkainia which simply means “renewal“.

The word used for “winter” is Strong’s 5494. χειμών cheimon which means “a storm (as pouring rain); by implication, the rainy season” it can also mean winter or tempest but the main meaning is just stormy.

So giving this information above, could it be that rather than Yeshua keeping the paganized “Festival of Lights” or what many know as Hanukkah, or could He have simply been at the temple walking around Solomon’s Porch on the “renewal” of the 7th month during the raining season as the name of the 7th month ˀAytanīym (Perpetual streams) implies? According to the Torah, the beginning of the 7th Month was the Feast of Trumpets or Yom Teruah, followed closely by Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement. It makes far more sense that Yeshua would have been at the temple during this time of the year rather than during the winter when there is literally nothing going on in the temple or on Yah’s biblical calendar.

Biblical Feasts

There are 7 feasts outlined in scripture. There are many parallels that can be drawn from them and the weekly creation order that is found only in the Zadok calendar.

Passover – 14th of the 1st month

Unleavened Bread – 15th – 21st of the 1st month

First Fruits of Barley – 26th of the 1st month

Shavuot (First Fruits of Wheat) – 15th of the 3rd month

First Fruits of New Wine – 3rd of the 5th month

First fruits of New Oil – 22nd of the 6th month

Wood Offering – 22nd – 27th of the 6th month

Trumpets – 1st of the 7th month

Atonement – 10th of the 7th month

Tabernacles – 15th – 21st of the 7th month

The 8th Day – 22nd of the 7th month

Details regarding the First Fruits of New Wine and Oil along with the offering of wood are not readily found in the Torah that we have in our modern cannon.  However, they are mentioned as tithes in Numbers 18:12, Deuteronomy 12:17, 14:23, 18:4, 2 Chronicles 2:15, 31:5 & Nehemiah 10:37, 10:39, 13:5.  The wood offering is also mentioned in Nehemiah 10:34 & 13:31. So it is clear to see that they had an established method or means of bringing these particular tithes and offerings in their respective seasons.

These offering along with the Biblically mandated feasts are further laid out for us in the Temple Scroll found in the Qumran documents.

36 thoughts on “Zadok Basics

  1. This is amazing! Coming to a new level of understanding in Yeshua.
    I have a question; is a day still observed at sundown? Is the day of the feast as an example the 1st of the second month Observed the evening before or in the evening of this day?
    Thank you so much. This is a shift in my mind but believe that YHVH is leading me in all truth.
    Shalom, Soraya

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    1. As our current understanding of scripture stands and as I have laid out on our page “When the Day Begins” we firmly believe that it is reckoned from morning to morning.
      https://torahislight.org/when-the-day-begins/

      How the Chodeshim or the beginning of the months are observed is largely unknown. However I would assume they would follow the same theme as the rest of the feasts in that they would sacrifice and feast. It is likely that only the first month received this honor.
      The example in 1Sam ch 20 may hold some clues but why they kept it for 3 days in that event is still unknown.

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  2. Angie

    Hello. Thank you so much for sharing this knowledge. Can you explain why there are 3 days between vernal equinox and the 1st of Abib? I understand from my studies that they are intercalary days and are needed so that the first of the month lands on the 4th day of the week. But I am confused because I thought there were only 1 intercalary day at the end of each season. I did learn that every so many years more intercalary days are added to keep everything in order. But how and when is that determined? Where in scriptures does it explain these extra days? I know this is a lot to ask. I’ve been seeking guidance in this matter and for some reason have either been shot down or ignored. I want to figure this out and confirm it before Pesach begins. Thank you again for sharing this knowledge!!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Angie,
      I wish it was a simple answer. The problem is that the 364 day Zadok calendar and the 365.24 solar year on the surface do not appear to mesh. In reality the solar equinox drifts by approximately 6 hours each year. So if you were to witness the equinox at noon this year, in 2 years time the equinox would happen at midnight from your location. So obviously measuring or witnessing the equinNOX is an impossibility for over half of the worlds population on any given year. For this reason alone I have come to believe that the event that we should be looking for is the equiLUX or equal day/night as mentioned in Enoch. The issue with that is the timing of the equiLUX varies depending on your latitude. The fact that these events are both either impossible to witness or vary depending on location prove that the sun is NOT the key to the start of the year but a simple witness.

      The days between the beginning of the year and the vernal equinox are not considered intercalary days as the 364th day 3/23 will not have happened at that point. In our studies and research we have found many alignments and other anomalies that seem to form a pretty solid pattern. One thing that really stood out to me is that if we stick to Enoch’s description of they lunar cycle he stated that in the 3rd and 4th gate the moon sets with the sun. I have found that this is in fact true. Generally on either side of the equiLUX (equal day/night) the moon does in fact set within 3 degrees of the sun, in both the full and new moon phases. Sometimes it happens after the equilux. What is important to note is that it happens once in the 3rd gate and once in the 4th gate. So if the timing of these events is important in determining the start of the year.
      What we found that last year was that the 364 day year ended 2 days before the equinox on 3/18, but the lunar alignments mentioned in Enoch had not happened yet indication that the sun had not transitioned between gates. This caused an intercalation period of one week bringing the new year to 3/24. Interesting to note is that 3/24 is also the first day that moon set with the sun. The second would occur on 4/7 so using the sun and the moon as witnesses we were able to keep everything in alignment, so much so that the summer solstice and the fall equinox both landed within 2 days of their respective days of remembrance properly marking the seasons. This year the moon/sun set dates will occur on 3/13 and 3/28 bridging the solar equinox and equilux verifying what we believe to be the witness spoken of in scripture and in Enoch.

      Honestly at the end of the day, this is just our best guess at how the calendar functions. I have posted several pages worth of information and have made available all the carts and data that I have compiled over the years for anyone to review. I would encourage you to test it for yourself. By observing the alignments and how things have fallen into place, I believe that we are as close as we have ever been to the truth. Yet it seems that we are still missing a piece of the puzzle.

      At the end of the day, I fully believe that Yah’s calendar is not governed by just the sun, or just the moon. It is seemingly set askew to cause us to look to Him rather than the hosts of the heavens. Deut 4:19

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  3. Ken

    Wow, this is one amazing ride trying to understand these calendars. Two questions which I really want to understand and if there is any significance to these relating to the calendar.

    1. In 2 Chronicles 8v13 it talks about the sabbaths, feast etc. It also mentions New Moon days. What are these New Moon days and why are they mentioned and what, if any part, do they play in the calendar?

    2. In Joshua 6v15 they go against Jericho for 7 days. Why were they allowed to make war on the 7th day?

    Thank you

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    1. Really glad you found the information helpful. I will attempt to answer your questions as best that I can.

      In regards to “new moon” days as mentioned in several translations I would start by saying the term “new moon” yârêach châdâsh is never found in the Hebrew manuscripts. However the word chôdesh is often used and has been translated as such in many of our modern translations. I truly believe it has been translated as new moon because of the Jewish rabbinical traditions of lunar observation.
      The chôdesh mentioned in scripture and pertaining to the priestly calendar would be the beginning of the months, especially the three that are accompanied by a day of remembrance as they are of particular importance.
      If you read through the Dead Sea Scrolls you will see that they do in fact mark the days of both the new and full moons, however those events do not play any significant part in the calendar in general. The fact that it has been translated that way has led to a lot of confusion and I believe intentional misdirection.

      Regarding Joshua 6:15 and the siege of Jericho. It’s not clear in the text as to what day they started the march or what day the walls fell. It simply mentions the Hebrew word shebı̂y‛ı̂y which literally means 7 or 7th as in a counting term. It doesn’t necessarily mean that it was the 7th day of the week or the sabbath.
      Nevertheless, as odd as it seems there is no prohibition given in Torah about going to war on Shabbat. Just that we are not to perform servile work. It also seems odd that Yah would command the slaughter of an entire town on the sabbath, which would result in the majority of the camp to become ceremonially unclean. For that reason alone I would question it happening on a sabbath. But I cannot prove it either way.
      Although the text is not conclusive we must examine the character of Yah and how He does things to gain a deeper understanding. Every time He caused the camp to move it happened after a sabbath and they would settle and pitch camp before the sabbath; He never had them traveling in a Sabbath. When the manna fell, it fell on the weekdays, never on a sabbath. If He commands us to keep it holy you can bet He will as well and to an even higher extent. There are numerous examples of this through the canonized text, and honestly I don’t know of any other example of the Israelites going to war on Shabbat other than the example given in Maccabees, but that was in defense of life not an offensive move.
      To keep it short I don’t know if it was on Shabbat or not. If it was there must be a very significant reason that isn’t clear.
      Hope that helps.
      Shalom!

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Liz

    I am curious as to how “Wednesday” is based as the 4th day of creation. It seems like the Gregorian is mixed into all calendars and all claim that their calendar is biblically based. I am openly and honestly trying to learn the YAH’s calendar. The new moon (first sliver of light) seems to be the new month, according to scripture, and the Sabbath in scripture is mentioned on a certain number of days each month (ie: 7,15,22 29). Ibe been studying Enoch and Jubilees and other books, but assuming Wednesday… That would be assuming Saturday every month is Sabbath. Saturday named after Saturn. And many pagan names and men’s traditional thrown into everything.
    Please help me understand this layout, and I accept correction if I am in error. Thank you.
    Shalom

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    1. The calendar begins on the 4th day because that’s when the sun moon and stars were created, and they are the objects that direct the calendar. Although the first day of the year is on the 4th day of the week doesn’t mean that the sabbath isn’t still on the 7th day. The 1st, 4th, 7th & 9th months all begin on the 4th day or Tuesday on our modern calendars

      Just because a word in English is rooted in a pagan past doesn’t mean the calendar is wrong. You can trace our modern 7-day cycle back well before the time of our messiah and into the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC without much trouble. Also, there are many and I mean many languages that date back to long before the English language that have a word for the day we call Saturday that literally translates as sabbath. In many it even sounds like it.

      Take the following for instance.

      Arabic: Sabet
      Armenian: Shabat
      Bosnian: Subota
      Bulgarian: Sabota
      Corsican: Sàbatu
      Croatian: Subota
      Czech: Sobota
      Georgian: Sabati
      Greek: Savvato
      Hebrew: Shabbat
      Indonesian: Sabtu
      Italian: Sabato
      Latin: Sabbatum
      Maltese: is-Sibt
      Polish: Sobota
      Portuguese: Sábado
      Romanian: Sambata
      Russian: Subbota
      Serbian: Subota
      Slovak: Sobota
      Slovene: Sobota
      Somali: Sabti
      Spanish: Sabado
      Sudanese: Saptu
      Ukranian: Subota
      And more…

      To say that all those independent people groups all synced their weekly cycle to the same errant calendar would be a stretch.
      The languages that came from Babel were only 2 Generations removed from Noah. They knew. Did they keep it? I don’t know but they definitely knew and when Yah changed their language He preserved it. It is Yah that formed our tongue. And I believe that it is Yah that has protected the Sabbath since it was ordained.

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    2. a. mcken

      You are right to question why they would use Wednesday (ALL parts of the Gregorian calendar, THE WEEKLY CYCLE INCLUDED are corrupt) SATURDAY used to be DAY ONE OF THE WEEK in the Julian calendar (the calendar the whole world used before this Gregorian one) and before THAT, there were EIGHT-week cycles. There is NO WAY, the pagans kept track of the TRUE day 7 for us. ANY calendar group that MODIFIES the calendar to FIT the CORRUPT week cycle is OFF.

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      1. Did you know the Julian is still in use by some Eastern European groups? Did you know that they only added 10 days to the calendar so Tuesday the 10th became Tuesday the 20th but they never disrupted the 7 day week. Did you also know that those other calendars you mentioned were never employed on a large scale and were always reverted back because the people revolted? Also imagine an what and entire population of sabbath keeping people that are known for being contentious would do if you told them they couldn’t keep Shabbat. Remember the Maccabee’s?
        I firmly believe the Sabbath has been given some divine protection, and to date I have not found a single person that can point to a definitive time or place where they changed the sabbath.

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  5. CP

    We have been taught first fruits is the day he rose (three days). The Zadok calendar has it as 8 days. Can you help me understand why?

    I had heard that the reason Thomas could touch him was because the period of ritual uncleaness had passed and HE had ascended to the Father. But now reading Mathew 28:9, I am not sure. The Mary’s touched his feet.

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    1. We have been taught in error on many biblical topics. Tradition also has a big influence on topics such as this. The classic pharisaical perspective is that First Fruits was actually on the 16th of the first month, whereas others due to their lunar observance interpret it to be a floating day that follows the sabbath after Passover in the midst of the feast of Unleavened Bread. Nevertheless, in compliance with the DSS the feasts cannot overlap another feast, keeping them separate and unique.

      We actually see this play out in Acts 20 when Paul is making his travels from Philippi to Troas. Avi Ben Mordechai has detailed the events quite well in his blog. The dates given and the timeframe set forth in Acts would have placed the disciples coming together to break bread on the 26th day of the first month, which aligns perfectly with first fruits on the Zadok calendar.

      I understand that Yeshua is looked at as the first fruits of the resurrection, he is also viewed as the atoning sacrifice, the Passover lamb, and many other forms of sacrifice as listed in Leviticus. The fact remains that his death doesn’t fit any. So, to say that he had to have risen on First Fruits to be the first fruits offering is not entirely accurate, because then he would have had to be slain on the day of atonement to atone for our sins because the Passover isn’t a sin sacrifice or even a sacrifice at all. While His life, death, and resurrection are embodied in the sacrifices set forth in Torah, they don’t have to be exact, being only a foreshadowing of things to come.
      However, I do believe that the first time he appeared to the disciples in the upper room after his resurrection was on the day of first fruits as they had gathered together to keep the feast.

      Also, according to Numbers 19:11 any person having touched a dead body was to be consider unclean 7 days. That is quite possibly why he told Mary not to touch him, and after the 7-day period all those involved in his burial or been in the tomb would have been cleansed so at that point Thomas could.

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  6. Naomi

    What is your understanding of the passage in Sirach regarding the moon:

    Sirach 43:6-8 – He made the moon also to serve in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world. From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection. The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing, being an instrument of the armies above, shining in the firmament of heaven; 

    How is this passage to be reconciled with Jubilees 6:34-38?

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    1. Not having the original Hebrew to compare makes it difficult. “New moon” is often chodesh which when compared to the LXX it becomes clear that it has no relation to the moon but a renewing.
      Nevertheless in English and other languages it is clear that “month” is derived from “moon”. However our months are not governed by the moon. We have names for different moon throughout the year and they are always tied to the harvest cycles. With the moon running 10 days short on the year the lunar cycles shifts and the same moon phase in two years will be observed a month early so how is that reconciled?
      So to answer your question, it’s not entirely clear for me at this point. Sirach is not a book that I have studied in depth as of yet.

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  7. Thank you so much for all this information. It has helped me greatly figuring out the zedok calendar. Can you please let me know why First Fruits falls outside of the feast of unleavened bread.am trying to wrap my mind around this:) THANK YOU

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    1. The Dead Sea Scrolls confirm the date was on the 26th of the first month. Y’shua was of course the ultimate Firstfruits, but His resurrection did not occur on Firstfruits. He embodied all the sacrifices but his death didn’t happen as any are described. He is also our atonement but he wasn’t killed on Yom Kippur. So just because tradition tells us he was raised on first fruits because he is our first fruit offering doesn’t means it’s correct.

      On the day of Firstfruits, the High Priest would grab an armful of sheaves and wave them or present them. So Y’shua, as the High Priest needed to harvest the Firstfruits before He could present them before His Father.
      We know there were people who were resurrected just after Y’shua did and they appeared to many people and these were likely the Firstfruits that Y’shua presented, after they had a week to appear to many people.
      Matt 27:52-53
      And the earth shook, and the rocks were split. The tombs also were opened. And many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many.

      Another point is we can’t mix different Feasts and so we need to realize that Passover and the
      Feast of Unleavened Bread were a separate group of Feast days, that needed to be finished before the Feast of Firstfruits could begin. Firstfruits is tied to Shavuot (Wheat), with the counting of the Omer and several other Firstfruits like Wine on 5-3, and Oil on 6-22.
      Also, all 3 feasts of Y’hovah are on the 15th of their respective months. 15 means rest. The Feast of Unleavened bread is always on 1-15, the Feast of Shavuot is always on 3-15, and the Feast of Booths is always on 7-15. If we don’t start counting the Omer on 1-26 (Firstfruits), then we will not end up on 3-15.

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      1. I was going to ask this same question so I am grateful for your response. Why can’t we “mix feasts” so to speak. It doesn’t seem problematic for first fruits to be first Sunday after the first day of unleavened bread! Thanks for all your work it’s been a blessing to read!

        On another note do you use the name Y’hovah and have u written on how u got there?

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      2. The First fruits ceremony would still add to the priestly duties. They already have a lot of offerings to officiate each day of unleavened bread. See Numbers 28 below.

        “And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. In the first day shall be an holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work therein: But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire for a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, and seven lambs of the first year: they shall be unto you without blemish: And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram; A several tenth deal shalt thou offer for every lamb, throughout the seven lambs: And one goat for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you. Ye shall offer these beside the burnt offering in the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. After this manner ye shall offer daily, throughout the seven days, the meat of the sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: it shall be offered beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering. And on the seventh day ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work.” (Numbers 28:16-25)

        Regarding the Name of Yahuah. I do use it. I haven’t wrote about it but came to that through a period of prayer asking to know his name because it had been intentionally hid from us. 6,823 times it was removed from the 1611 KJV. It was left in place twice as Jehovah and once as Jah in the Psalms. I wanted to know so I simply asked the Father.

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  8. michaelandcharimountainpeeps

    Matt!
    Shalom shalom. Our 4th cycle of keeping this Priestly Calendar begins on the 23rd. We are SO blessed with what is confirmed using this calendar. We have almost TRIED them all, only to be disappointed for one reason or another. We REJOICE that YAHuah sent us this calendar to keep.

    My question is about The Wood Offering. I really loved how you said that the Feasts should NOT overlap. “we can’t mix different Feasts ” Meaning each Feast is unique and separate.

    You posted above:
    First fruits of New Oil – 22nd of the 6th month
    Wood Offering – 22nd – 27th of the 6th month

    You answered in a comment:
    Firstfruits is tied to Shavuot (Wheat), with the counting of the Omer and several other Firstfruits like Wine on 5-3, Oil on 6-22, and Wood on 6-29

    Do you see the conflicting dates for the Wood Offering?

    Our small adult Shabbat group create our own calendars on poster board each year. It really GETS the dates INTO us. 🙂 I hope to have the correct Wood Offering dates if possible with your answer to share with the group.

    My next question is about finding scripture to back up WHEN the Wood Offering is. How do we find that? Do we have a way to confirm the dates we are keeping of the Wood Offering?

    These are only minor issues, I know. But they are interesting to me.

    Thank you again. Appreciate you.
    More of His Kids,
    Chari & Michael

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  9. LB

    Question…..love this calendar!!! BUT I would like to understand more about why First Fruits isn’t within the week of ULB but the Sunday after? Thank you so much for sharing. Appreciate it.

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    1. Please read the response to comments above asking the same question. The Scrolls have FF on the 26th day of the first month. That keeps the other FF offerings in their proper time and also keeps it separate from the other feats. Tradition has muddied this topic.

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  10. MD

    Thanks for all the info, I have a few questions

    1. If the equinox is used to show the beginning of the year per the creation account, why is the first day of the year on the Zadok calendar not on the day equinox? Wouldn’t moving to the 4th day of the week mean we are starting the year a couple-several days late?

    2. In your research, how often does the new moon rise in the same gate as the sun?

    3. This question applies to the link you had for when a day started. What scripture is your reference that we must eat Passover meal on the 14th? Exodus 12 tells us we are commanded to eat the Passover with unleavened bread. Unleavened Bread starts the evening of the 14th (Ex 12:18) starting the 15th (Lev 23:6)when they would be eating, until after evening on the 21st.

    Thank you!

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    1. The equinox does not show the beginning of the year but it is simply a sign to be observed.

      I have not tracked the moons rising position as that’s never really given any importance in Enoch. The setting position does correlate with the suns position twice a year and that happens in the 3rd and 4th gates in the spring just as Enoch states.

      Regarding the passover.

      “and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.”…
      “They shall eat the flesh 👉that night👈, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.” (Exodus 12:6&8)

      “In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the LORD’s Passover.” (Leviticus 23:5)

      “And they kept the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the people of Israel did.” (Numbers 9:5)

      ““On the fourteenth day of the first month is the LORD’s Passover,” (Numbers 28:16)

      “While the people of Israel were encamped at Gilgal, they kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening on the plains of Jericho.” (Joshua 5:10)

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      1. MD

        In this article you stated “This is not a problem with the Zadok calendar since it is based upon the vernal equinox.”

        Enoch 72:6-9 states the beginning 30 days start at the 4 gate.
        Does the 4th gate line up with the equinox/equilux? If not how is the correct 4th day of the week chosen to start the year?

        I asked about the moons because I have been drawing out Enoch’s sun and moon observations and I see that there is a correlation between the new moon and the sun’s gates pretty consistently. Just haven’t made it far enough to know how consistent.

        Regarding the Passover

        On an evening to evening day they would Kill their lambs on the 14th at twilight and eat it that night starting the 15th. Note that they are commanded to eat unleavened bread. Your objection was “Additionally, when examining Method #3 the people would be correctly killing and preparing the Passover on the 14th day, but due to the reckoning of the day it would cause them to eat the Passover on the 15th, again a clear violation of the commands given in scripture”

        My question is which scripture permits them from eating it on the 15th, the first day of Unleavened bread? Especially because they were commanded to eat unleavened bread with their lamb which would line up with the feast of unleavened starting on the night of the 14th on an evening to evening day.

        Thank you for the quick response, I appreciate all your material, especially your Torah portions with the calendar.

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      2. The first line mentioning the equinox should read based around not upon. The issue with the equinox is that it’s only observable for a given location for 2 years and then it would occur during the night time. The equilux or equal day and night is actually what Enoch describes. Nevertheless the timing of the equilux can vary 3-4 days depending on your latitude. Where was Enoch when he described these things? Nobody knows.
        I have mapped Enoch and charted it a couple different ways. I’d be interested to see your correlation.

        Scripture is clear that they were to not just kill it on the 14th but to also consume it that evening (the evening of the 14th)

        “In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover.” (Leviticus 23:5)

        Additionally they are commanded to not let any remain till the morning which would then be the 15th day.

        The traditional evening to evening reckoning of the Jewish day is actually required by a lunar calendar. If they maintained the morning start they would perpetually be off by 1 day on theirs calendar thus the shift. There is a multitude of scripture that indicate a day start. There are also many scholars and even rabbi’s that have written about the evening/evening method not always being the case. Unfortunately it’s not overtly clear in scripture. Nevertheless nature itself testifies to it being the case.

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  11. michael8wp

    One crucial detail I don’t see address is the difference between the Tzadok Calender and the actual number of days in the year: 364 vs 365.25. After 4 years the calendar will have drifted 5 days.

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